Autism

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disordercharacterized by impaired social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior. Parents usually notice signs in the first two years of their child's life. These signs often develop gradually, though some children with autism reach their developmental milestones at a normal pace and then regress.

Autism is a life-affecting disorder characterized by a profound withdrawal from contact with people, repetitive behaviour, and fear of change in the environment. The emotional disorder affects the brain's ability to receive and process information. People who have autism find it difficult to act in a way that other people think is "normal". They find it difficult to talk to other people, to look at other people and often do not like being touched by other people. They may talk only to themselves, rock themselves backwards and forwards, and laugh at their own thoughts. They do not like any type of change and may find it very difficult to learn a new behaviour.People with autism may be severely impaired in some respects but normal, or even superior, in others.

Characteristics –

Age of Onset

First concern happens by 15 months
Early onset – within 1st yr
Later onset – within 2nd yr

Symptoms

If you identify the following signs and symptoms please consult the Doctor !!

If a formal evaluation is needed for diagnosis, it will be done by a comprehensive medical, developmental, educational and psychosocial programme to help you to deal with your child and help him / her in overall development.

Biological Causes

It is generally accepted that autism is caused by abnormalities in brain structure or function. It too has a genetic basis. It also appears that some children are born with a susceptibility to autism. Other investigations portray problems during pregnancy or delivery as well as environmental factors such as viral infections, metabolic imbalances and exposure to chemicals leading to autism.

Genetic Vulnerability - Autism tends to occur more frequently than expected among individuals who have certain medical conditions, including fragile X syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, congenital rubella syndrome and untreated phenylketonuria (PKU). Some harmful substances ingested during pregnancy also have been associated with an increased risk of autism.

Treatment approaches

Treatment for autism is usually a very intensive, comprehensive undertaking that involves the child’s entire family and a team of professionals.

The effectiveness of these medicines varies by individual. Side effects are possible and should be discussed with your doctor.

ABA targets the learning of skills and the reduction of challenging behaviors. Most ABA programs are highly-structured. Each skill is broken down into small steps, and taught using prompts, which are gradually eliminated as the steps are mastered. The child is given repeated opportunities to learn and practice each step in a variety of settings. Each time the child achieves the desired result, he receives positive reinforcement, such as verbal praise, or something else that the child finds to be highly motivating. Facilitated play with peers is often part of the intervention.

Tips for parents

Autism Treatment Plan :-

  1. Build on your child's interests

  2. Offer a predictable schedule

  3. Teach tasks as a series of simple steps

  4. Actively engage your child's attention in highly structured activities and provide regular reinforcements

Strategies for Teachers to handle children with Autism in Classroom

Risk Factors for Autism

Protective factors for preventing Autism

Therefore, when putting together an autism treatment plan for your child, keep in mind that there is no single treatment that will work for everyone. Each person on the autism spectrum is unique, with different strengths and weaknesses.

Your child’s treatment should be tailored according to his or her individual needs. You know your child best, so it’s up to you to make sure those needs are being met. You can do that by asking yourself the following questions:





We at Mumbai Psychiatry Clinics have a dedicated team of counsellors and clinical psychologists who will help you with your problems, cite interventions and assess the progress on regular intervals. There are experienced psychiatrists who will be guiding you throughout your journey and our Multidisciplinary team will try to assure you with the best help possible.

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