How many times in 24 hours do you call yourself insane? Or blow up in a rage about how so-and-so is completely retarded, or about how you have been feeling low for days as your job hunt has not yielded promising results? We lightly throw around these terms, carelessly speaking about issues which are a crushing reality for millions of individuals around us. We’re all guilt-ridden as charged. Nonetheless, it is very important that we free ourselves of this indifference through right psychological treatment and teach ourselves about the range of mental disorders that are nearly as common as flu.
Here are 7 mental illnesses or disorders we need to know and spread awareness about, to make an effort and reduce the stigma around it in our country.
When you have depression, it’s beyond the feeling of sadness. Depression is noticeable by a sense of desperateness and vulnerability. While sadness is a short-lived feeling, depression is a deep-seated illness, which time and again coerces patients to suicide. It is emotionally paralyzing, oftentimes with prolonged sense of powerlessness that holds you, regardless of your situation.
Depression is when a normal, human sentiment grows out of control to the point where it is no more normal. Considering an individual suffering with an illness merely to be “unhappy” is an offense to that person and diminishes the intensity of the illness that usually takes thousands of lives each year. A proper depression therapy is advisable.
2. Bipolar Disorder
Individuals suffering from bipolar disorder experience abnormally intense emotional states that take place in varied periods called as “mood episodes.” Each mood episode indicates a great alteration from an individual’s normal mood and behavior. An excessively happy or overexcited state is called a manic episode, and an exceedingly sad or hopeless state is called a depressive episode. At times, a mood episode comprises of indications of both depression and mania.
3. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Both children and adults suffering with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) experience unwanted and disturbing thoughts that they can’t look as if they would be able to get out of their mental state (obsessions), often convincing them to constantly carry out habitual behaviors and practices (compulsions) to attempt and alleviate their anxiety. Most individuals who have OCD are mindful that their obsessions and compulsions are completely unreasonable, yet they feel helpless to stop them. In such case, taking help from behavioral therapy is needed.
Schizophrenia is considered as a prolonged, severe, and disabling brain disorder that has made several individuals suffer since centuries. It is triggered by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Can you believe how frightening it can be? Hearing strange voices or sounds no one else can listen to, or thinking that other people around you are monitoring your thoughts? Schizophrenia, being a type of psychosis, leads to abnormal hallucinations and a failure to separate real from dreamlike experiences. This requires a strong help from mental health doctors.
5. Social Anxiety Disorder
Social anxiety disorder is an intense fear of being examined and judged by others in social circle or performance conditions and can cause chaos on the lives of individuals who suffer from it. This disorder is not merely nervousness or shyness that has been improperly medicalized.
Although it might differ in intensity from time to time, it involves constant and uncorroborated worry that leads to significant distress and restricts the individual’s daily life. Social Anxiety disorder can be effectively treated by mental health counsellor.
6. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are the main behavioral symptoms of ADHD. It is usual for all children to show these types of behaviors sometimes, but for kids with ADHD, these behaviors are more intense and happen more often. ADHD can occur in people of any rational ability, though it is more observed in people with learning problems. People with ADHD might also suffer additional difficulties, such as sleep and anxiety disorders.
Dyslexia is a learning condition characterized by struggle reading owing to difficulties recognizing speech sounds and understanding how they relate to letters and words. Also known as specific reading disability, dyslexia is a general learning disability in kids.
Dyslexia occurs in kids with normal vision and intelligence. At times, dyslexia goes undiagnosed for years and isn’t known until adulthood. Your child psychiatrist will definitely help in treating the condition without affecting their innocent life.